This National Historic Landmark (circa 1760) is considered the birthplace and childhood home of Joseph H. Rainey, one of the first African Americans elected to the US Congress (1870-1879). Born to slave parents, Rainey purchased his freedom and that of his family around 1850 and established himself as a barber. Drafted by the Confederacy during the Civil War, Rainey escaped with his wife, Susan to Bermuda, returning to Georgetown after the war. He was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention of 1868, served two years in the state senate and was a state internal revenue agent. Rainey died in Georgetown in 1887.